Program Details Program Code:
School: Macmillian Institute of Applied Health Sciences
Credential:Ontario College Certificate
Program Type:
Program Length:
Location: College Campus/Online

DURATION: 8 WEEKS. 24hrs/week


Overview: Human Anatomy and Physiology II is a continuation of the study of the anatomy and physiology of humans. The anatomy and physiology of the digestive, nervous, excretory, endocrine and reproductive systems are studied. Enrolment is usually limited to students in Sport Science programsContinue your examination of the normal structure and function of the human adult, including the study of the endocrine, circulatory, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive systems. The concepts of water, electrolyte and acid-base balance are re-examined building on the foundation established in Anatomy and Physiology I.

PRE-REQUISITES: Basic English Proficiency: BIOLOGY


Start DateEnd DateTimeDay’sTotal Hrs.

Outcome: Learn about the structure and function of epithelial, connective, nervous, and muscular tissue

Study how your brain receives and processes information from your skin, joints, muscles, and special balance organs in your ears

Learn about the organs that receive sensations of sight, sound, taste, and smell and how the brain makes sense of them

Find out about the major types of chemical reactions and see why food, oxygen, and water are essential

Learn about classes of chemicals called acids, bases, and salts, and their significance in the body

Course Content

The components of the digestive system will be described.  The significance of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins in nutrition and their roles in energy metabolism will be discussed. 

The biochemistry of energy metabolism will be discussed.

The major electrolytes of the body will be described.  The regulation of the electrolyte composition and the regulation of fluid balance will be discussed.

The components of the excretory system will be examined.  The functioning of the nephron in the manufacture of urine will be discussed.

The organization of the nervous system will be described.  The structure and function of the parts of the brain, the spinal cord, the major nerves, and the reflex arc will be discussed.  The structure and functioning of the sense organs will be described.

The hormones of the endocrine glands will be identified, and the effects of each hormone will be studied.

The male and female reproductive structures will be identified and the functioning of the reproductive system will be described.

Human embryonic development will be studied.  Foetal development, labour and lactation will be studied. 

The principles of genetics, as they apply to humans, will be examined.  Modes of inheritance, common genetic disorders, and amniocentesis will be discussed.

Foetal pig dissections will be studied, with particular reference to the respiratory, digestive, cardiovascular, excretory, and reproductive systems.

Methods of Instruction

This course involves four hours per week of classroom instruction and two hours per week of laboratory activity.  Classroom work will consist of lectures, tutorials, and work in small groups.

Means of Assessment

Evaluation will be carried out in accordance with Douglas College policy. The instructor will present a written course outline with specific evaluation criteria at the beginning of the semester. Evaluation will be based on the following:

Top of Form

Class tests and assignments   15-25
Laboratory assignments and quizzes    5-15
Laboratory examination – final 10-15
Comprehensive examination – midterm  25-35
Comprehensive examination – final 25-35


  1. Laboratory Experiments and Activities

Laboratory work will be assigned each week. The laboratory work must be completed in the week it is assigned. Laboratory experiments and assignments are a compulsory component of this course. A minimum of 50% of the laboratory experiments and assignments must be completed to receive a P or better in the course.

2. Examinations: Note: The passing grade for this course is 60% What You Will LearnThere will be one midterm and one final examination. The final examination will cover the entire course. If the student achieves a better grade on the final exam than on the midterm examination, the midterm grade will be raised to equal that of the final examination.


Upon completion the student will be able to:

  1. Describe the basic requirements of human nutrition and describe the roles of various nutrients in the body.
  2. Describe the absorption, transport, storage and metabolic importance of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins.
  3. Describe the gross anatomy of the digestive system and describe the digestion of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins.
  4. Describe energy metabolism, including the processes of glycolysis, Krebs Cycle and the electron transport chain.
  5. Describe the importance of oxygen in respiration and compare aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
  6. Describe the fluid and electrolyte composition of the body and explain how fluid and electrolyte balance is maintained.
  7. Describe the components of the urinary system and explain the process by which the kidney manufactures urine.
  8. Describe the considerations included in a typical urinalysis.
  9. Describe the components of the nervous system and identify the roles of the major components of the nervous system and associated sensory organs.
  10. Describe the glands of the endocrine system and name and specify the function of all major hormones.
  11. Describe the structure and functioning of the male and female reproductive systems.
  12. Describe embryonic and foetal development and the changes which take place in the mother during foetal development and lactation.
  13. Describe the principles of genetics as they apply to humans and describe the mode of inheritance, and methods of in utero detection of common genetic abnormalities.
  14. Describe the structure and functioning of the major mammalian body systems using a dissected foetal pig

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